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### Understanding p-value in Statistics

P-Value The p-value helps to determine the significance of the results and is the probability in which we are allowing the results of the data to be wrong.  The p-value will be a number between zero and one. Another way to think of the p-value is as the confidence level that the researcher is correct…

### Using Monthly Hours For Calculations

Calculations for monthly hours can be used to determine the number of full-time equivalents, or FTEs, needed to staff for a period, employee wages, labor costs, and several other problems. Methods of Calculating There are basically two ways to calculate the hours per month. With full-time employees, you should assume one employee will work a…

### Nonprotein Calorie to Nitrogen Ratio

What Are Nonprotein Calories? As you know, calories come from carbohydrates, protein, and fat.  One gram of carbohydrates yields 4 calories; the same for one gram of protein.  And one gram of fat yields 9 calories.  Nonprotein calories are simply the calories in the diet coming from carbohydrates and fats only. Nonprotein Calorie to Nitrogen Ratio…

### Calculating Ideal Body Weight for Amputees

Calculating Ideal Body Weight for Amputees When assessing an amputee’s weight, the estimated weight of the limb needs to be taken into account.  The information below is used as part of the body weight calculations for amputees. Body Part Hand Forearm plus hand Entire arm Foot Lower leg plus foot Entire leg Estimated Weight 0.7% 2.3%…

### Nutrition Management of Celiac Disease

Celiac Disease Celiac disease is also known as gluten-sensitive enteropathy and is an autoimmune disorder when a person consumes foods containing gluten.  Gluten is a specific protein fragment (peptides) found in wheat, barley, rye, and oats.  These peptides are more resistant to digestion and may reach the small intestine intact.  For normal, healthy individuals, these…